Parental Involvement in Education Scale

Parental Involvement in Education Scale (PIES) has been referred with varied names including parental participation, parenting programs, parent/school partnership, parent/family, school and community collaboration, etc. There is no unanimous agreement about the definition of “parent involvement in education.”

Historically, two traditions, each operating with a totally different set of assumptions and values, have influenced the development of parent involvement. The parent education tradition reflects a child-centered, professional orientation.

This tradition is based on the assumption that parents need access to knowledge in order to perform adequately as parents. The other tradition, the citizen participation approach, is based on the assumptions that adults have the right and competence to share in making decisions which affect their own lives and the lives of their children.